Prague had always been a multicultural and multinational centre. The long-term cohabitation between the Czechs and the Germans was at last broken by WWII. At the turn of the 19th and the 20th century, there was a large German speaking community living in Prague in which the new literary movement called, the Prague German School, was established. The famous authors of the movement were for example: Franz Werfel, Maria Rilke, Max Brod, Johannes Urzidil and Franz Kafka; whose novels, Trial, The Castle or America or novella Metamorphosis are known all over the world. Kafka is strongly connected to Prague and so, the small square next to St. Nicolas church was renamed Kafka’s Square in the year 2000. It is the place where Kafka was born into the German Jewish family. Kafka studied the German Gymnasium that was located in the Golz - Kynský palace at the Old Town Square and then he studied at the German part of the Carl-Ferdinand University, where he graduated and became a doctor of Law. He worked for the Generali Insurance Company and then later in the Worker’s Accidents Insurance Company. In 1922 he retired early because of his health. In the last year of his life he spent them in the sanatorium, accompanied by his last and fateful wife, Dora Diamant. He died in Kierling and was buried in Prague at the New Jewish cemetery, which is close to the metro station, Želivského (Green Line A).
The museum in the Hergets Brick factory at the Small Side is devoted to Franz Kafka and Franz Kafka’s centre is located in the Široká Street in the Old Town.