In the middle of the Old Town Square, in its northern part, there is a large monument of Jan Hus. It is the work in Czech Art Nouveau and Symbolist monumental sculpture style by Ladislav Šaloun, who won the tender for the construction of a monument dedicated to the national martyr. The monument was created in 1903-1915 and it was revealed on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the death of Hus. The unveiling of the monument was very controversial because Czechoslovakia did not yet exist and the minister, Jan Hus, was still regarded as a heretic, despite the fact that he was denied by the catholic Habsburg state. The ceremonial unveiling was therefore prohibited by authorities but nevertheless, it became an opportunity for national, anti-Habsburg and anti-war demonstrations.
In the centre of the monument is Jan Hus standing in the burning out stake. (Jan Hus was burned at the stake in Constance 06.07.1415, after he refused to recant his reform teaching). Behind him are figures of Hussite fighters standing as a symbol of the Hussite Movement. The next group of figures symbolize the era after the Battle of Bílá Hora, when a considerable amount of the Czech elites had to go into exile for political and religious reasons. The most famous exile was Jan Amos Komensky, who was also known throughout the world as Comenius. One of the inscriptions on the monument, a quote from Hus’s work, "Love, truth will come to everyone" which demonstrated tolerance in Hus´s reform teaching.

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