The Synagogue was built in 1867-68 according to the project of Vojtěch Ignác Ullman in an architectonically unusual Neo-Renaissance Moorish - Spanish style. It was built at the place of the so called Old School (Altschul), the oldest Jewish meeting house, which was torn down in 1867. František Škroup, the author of the Czech National Anthem, served as the organist in the Old School. Currently, the synagogue houses the Jewish Museum exhibition revealing the history of Jews in Bohemia and Moravia. On the south gallery of the synagogue you can see exhibition documenting the sanitation of the Jewish Town.