Originally, the Horse Market was the centre of New Town and it was built by the Emperor Charles IV. in the mid-14th century. This square looks more like a boulevard it is 750m long and 60m wide. The Horse Gate entering the point of the New City was located at the top of the square until the end of 19th century. Today, the landmark of the square is the neo-renaissance building of the National Museum. Located in front of the museum, there is a large equestrian statue and a monument of the Czech patron saint Václav (Wenceslas), whom the square is named after. Four Czech saints are standing around the statue of Duke Vaclav, saint Vojtěch, saint Prokop, saint Anežka and saint Ludmila. The monument was designed by the sculptor, Václav Myslbek. The Wenceslas square is a business and touristic centre with many renowned hotels, restaurants, venues, arcades, theatres and banks. It is also where the making of the modern Czech history took place. For example, the independent Czechoslovakia was declared here in October 1918. Protests against crating of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia took place here. As a protest against the Soviet occupation from 1968, Jan Palach immolated himself in front of the museum in January 1969. His act is honoured by a monument placed in the

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